UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 8-K/A
(Amendment No. 1)

CURRENT REPORT
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)
of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): December 16, 2021

AFC GAMMA, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
Maryland
001-39995
85-1807125
(State or Other Jurisdiction
of Incorporation)
(Commission
File Number)
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)

525 Okeechobee Blvd., Suite 1770
West Palm Beach, FL, 33401
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

561-510-2390
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions (see General Instructions A.2. below):

Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)

Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)

Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))

Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 
Trading
Symbol(s)
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share
 
AFCG
 
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).

Emerging growth company 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 


Item 2.01.
Completion of Acquisition or Disposition of Assets.

On December 22, 2021, AFC Gamma, Inc. (the “Company”) filed a Current Report on Form 8-K (the “Original Report”) to report the closing of the Company’s new loan commitment to High Street Capital Partners, LLC, a subsidiary of Acreage Holdings, Inc., and related matters under Items 2.01 and 9.01 of Form 8-K.

This Current Report on Form 8-K/A (this “Amendment”) is being filed as an amendment to the Original Report. This Amendment is being filed to provide the historical financial information of Acreage Holdings, Inc., as required by Item 9.01 of Form 8-K that were not available for inclusion with the Original Report. Except as set forth herein, this Amendment does not amend, modify or update the disclosure contained in the Original Report.

Item 9.01
Financial Statements and Exhibits.
 
(a)  Financial statements of businesses or funds acquired.

The audited consolidated financial statements of Acreage Holdings, Inc. as of and for the year ended December 31, 2020, are filed as Exhibit 99.1 to this Amendment and are incorporated herein by reference. The unaudited consolidated financial statements of Acreage Holdings, Inc. as of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, are filed as Exhibit 99.2 to this Amendment and are incorporated herein by reference.

(b)  Pro forma financial information.

The financial statements filed pursuant to paragraph (a) to this Item 9.01 are not, and will not, be consolidated into the Company’s consolidated financial statements; therefore, no such disclosure of pro forma financial information is applicable.

(d) Exhibits

Exhibit No.
  
Description
   
  
Audited consolidated financial statements of Acreage Holdings, Inc. as of and for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019
  
Interim unaudited consolidated financial statements of Acreage Holdings, Inc. as of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2021
104
 
Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded withing the Inline XBRL document)

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

Date: January 3, 2022
AFC GAMMA, INC.
     
 
By:
/s/ Brett Kaufman
   
Brett Kaufman
   
Chief Financial Officer



Exhibit 99.1

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Audited Consolidated Financial Statements
of Public Company H (Parent Company of Subsidiary of Public Company H)
and Independent Auditor's Report
As of and for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019

Acreage Holdings, Inc.
Index
 
Page
Audited Consolidated Financial Statements
 

1

TABLE OF CONTENTS

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
To the Shareholders and Board of Directors of
Acreage Holdings, Inc.
Opinion on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated statements of financial position of Acreage Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the related consolidated statements of operations, shareholders’ equity and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2020, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”).
In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2020, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
Change in Accounting Principle
As discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company has changed its method of accounting for leases, effective January 1, 2019, due to the adoption of the guidance in Accounting Standards Codification Topic 842, Leases.
Basis for Opinion
These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's financial statements based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) ("PCAOB") and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audit we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.
Our audit included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audit also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
/s/ Marcum LLP

Marcum LLP

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2019.
New York, NY
March 25, 2021
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION
(in thousands)
December 31, 2020
December 31, 2019
ASSETS
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$32,542
$26,505
Restricted cash
22,097
95
Inventory
23,715
18,083
Notes receivable, current
2,032
2,146
Assets held-for-sale
62,971
Other current assets
4,663
8,506
Total current assets
148,020
55,335
Long-term investments
34,126
4,499
Notes receivable, non-current
97,901
79,479
Capital assets, net
89,136
106,047
Operating lease right-of-use assets
17,247
51,950
Intangible assets, net
138,983
285,972
Goodwill
31,922
105,757
Other non-current assets
4,718
2,638
Total non-current assets
414,033
636,342
TOTAL ASSETS
$562,053
$691,677
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
$18,913
$32,459
Taxes payable
14,780
4,740
Interest payable
3,504
291
Operating lease liability, current
1,492
2,759
Debt, current
27,139
15,300
Non-refundable deposits on sale
750
Liabilities related to assets held for sale
18,154
Other current liabilities
13,010
1,604
Total current liabilities
97,742
57,153
Debt, non-current
153,318
28,186
Operating lease liability, non-current
16,609
47,522
Deferred tax liability
34,673
63,997
Other liabilities
2
25
Total non-current liabilities
204,602
139,730
TOTAL LIABILITIES
302,344
196,883
Commitments and contingencies
 
 
Common stock, no par value - unlimited authorized, 101,250 and 90,646 issued and outstanding, respectively
Additional paid-in capital
737,290
615,678
Treasury stock, 842 common stock held in treasury
(21,054)
(21,054)
Accumulated deficit
(475,205)
(188,617)
Total Acreage Shareholders' equity
241,031
406,007
Non-controlling interests
18,678
88,787
TOTAL EQUITY
259,709
494,794
 
 
 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
$562,053
$691,677
(See accompanying notes to Consolidated Financial Statements)
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ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
 
Year Ended December 31,
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
2020
2019
2018
Retail revenue, net
$86,380
$54,401
$17,475
Wholesale revenue, net
27,971
18,539
2,969
Other revenue, net
194
1,169
680
Total revenues, net
114,545
74,109
21,124
Cost of goods sold, retail
(51,018)
(33,844)
(10,038)
Cost of goods sold, wholesale
(14,369)
(9,821)
(1,666)
Total cost of goods sold
(65,387)
(43,665)
(11,704)
Gross profit
49,158
30,444
9,420
 
 
 
 
OPERATING EXPENSES
 
 
 
General and administrative
50,469
56,224
18,647
Compensation expense
41,704
42,061
15,356
Equity-based compensation expense
92,064
97,538
11,230
Marketing
1,820
5,009
1,571
Loss on impairments
188,023
13,463
Loss on notes receivable
8,161
Write down of assets held-for-sale
11,003
Loss on legal settlements
14,555
Depreciation and amortization
6,170
7,593
3,749
Total operating expenses
413,969
221,888
50,553
 
 
 
 
Net operating loss
$(364,811)
$(191,444)
$(41,133)
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) from investments, net
98
(480)
21,777
Interest income from loans receivable
6,695
3,978
1,178
Interest expense
(15,853)
(1,194)
(4,617)
Other loss, net
(3,487)
(1,033)
(7,930)
Total other (loss) income
(12,547)
1,271
10,408
 
 
 
 
Loss before income taxes
$(377,358)
$(190,173)
$(30,725)
 
 
 
 
Income tax benefit (expense)
17,240
(4,989)
(1,536)
 
 
 
 
Net loss
$(360,118)
$(195,162)
$(32,261)
 
 
 
 
Less: net loss attributable to non-controlling interests
(73,530)
(44,894)
(4,778)
 
 
 
 
Net loss attributable to Acreage Holdings, Inc.
$(286,588)
$(150,268)
$(27,483)
 
 
 
 
Net loss per share attributable to Acreage Holdings, Inc. - basic and diluted:
$(2.87)
$(1.74)
$(0.41)
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic and diluted
99,980
86,185
66,699
(See accompanying notes to Consolidated Financial Statements)
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ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Attributable to shareholders of the parent
 
 
(in thousands)
LLC
Membership
Units
Pubco Shares
(as converted)
Share Capital
Treasury
Stock
Accumulated
Deficit
Shareholders’
Equity
Non-
controlling
Interests
Total Equity
December 31, 2017
$49,375
$
$29,454
$
$(10,861)
$18,593
$10,030
$28,623
Issuance of Class D units
17,018
105,514
105,514
105,514
Issuance of Class E units, net
19,352
116,124
116,124
116,124
Interest expense settled with PIK units
330
66
1,912
1,912
1,912
Conversion of notes to equity
6,473
30,759
30,759
30,759
Issuance of warrants
3,285
3,285
3,285
Issuance of Pubco shares in redemption of membership units
(66,820)
65,978
280
(21,054)
(20,774)
(20,774)
RTO-related issuances, net
12,626
298,004
298,004
298,004
Formation of NCI at RTO and adjustments for changes in ownership
(27,340)
(133,943)
(133,943)
133,943
Establishment of deferred tax liability due to RTO
(30,175)
(30,175)
(30,175)
Capital contributions, net
2,767
2,767
Increase in non-controlling interests from business acquisitions
7,241
7,241
Purchase of non-controlling interests
(21,798)
(21,798)
(12,305)
(34,103)
Other equity transactions
398
4,426
(5)
4,421
(5,976)
(1,555)
Equity-based compensation expense and related issuances
1,612
96
10,915
10,915
10,915
Net loss
(27,483)
(27,483)
(4,778)
(32,261)
December 31, 2018
$
$79,164
$414,757
$(21,054)
$(38,349)
$355,354
$130,922
$486,276
Issuances for business acquisitions/purchases of intangible assets
5,364
104,748
104,748
4,356
109,104
NCI adjustments for changes in ownership
2,784
(2,766)
(2,766)
2,766
Capital distributions, net
(4,363)
(4,363)
Other equity transactions
589
11,707
11,707
11,707
Equity-based compensation expense and related issuances
2,745
87,232
87,232
87,232
Net loss
(150,268)
(150,268)
(44,894)
(195,162)
December 31, 2019
$
$90,646
$615,678
$(21,054)
$(188,617)
$406,007
$88,787
$494,794
Issuances for private placement
6,085
27,887
27,887
27,887
Beneficial conversion feature on convertible note (See Note 10)
523
523
523
Issuances on conversion of debenture
327
550
550
550
Issuance of warrants
3,229
3,229
3,229
NCI adjustments for changes in ownership
3,861
583
(3,395)
(3,395)
3,395
Capital contributions, net
26
26
Other equity transactions
276
754
754
754
Equity-based compensation expense and related issuances
3,333
92,064
92,064
92,064
Net loss
(286,588)
(286,588)
(73,530)
(360,118)
December 31, 2020
$3,861
$101,250
$737,290
$(21,054)
$(475,205)
$241,031
$18,678
$259,709
(See accompanying notes to Consolidated Financial Statements)
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ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
 
Year Ended December 31,
(in thousands)
2020
2019
2018
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Net loss
$(360,118)
$(195,162)
$(32,261)
Adjustments for:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
6,170
7,593
3,749
Equity-settled expenses, including compensation
92,818
102,898
19,360
Gain on business divestiture
(217)
Gain on sale of investment
(1,500)
Loss on disposal of capital assets
2,461
363
Loss on impairment
188,023
13,463
Loss on notes receivable
8,161
Bad debt expense
195
Non-cash interest expense
7,023
67
2,838
Non-cash operating lease expense
122
1,684
Deferred tax (income) expense
(32,405)
(3,844)
(56)
Non-cash loss from investments, net
949
1,272
(19,340)
Other non-cash (income) expense, net
(2,394)
469
Write-down of assets held-for-sale
11,003
Change, net of acquisitions in:
 
 
 
Inventory
(2,531)
(6,941)
(3,641)
Other assets
4,011
(5,053)
(3,075)
Interest receivable
(2,284)
(4,002)
(1,208)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
(11,572)
17,217
95
Taxes payable
10,233
3,778
(152)
Interest payable
3,213
(250)
398
Other liabilities
7,067
(1,568)
(1,212)
Net cash used in operating activities
$(67,678)
$(70,879)
$(35,536)
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Purchases of capital assets
$(15,477)
$(47,085)
$(22,351)
Investments in notes receivable
(14,809)
(39,145)
(15,483)
Collection of notes receivable
254
3,164
4,519
Cash paid for long-term investments
(35,067)
(4,158)
(2,201)
Proceeds from business divestiture
997
Proceeds from sale of investment
9,634
Proceeds from sale of capital assets
4,756
172
Business acquisitions, net of cash acquired
(9,983)
(21,205)
(32,147)
Purchases of intangible assets
(58,488)
(6,445)
Deferred acquisition costs and deposits
2,076
(22,675)
Distributions from investments
27
232
141
Proceeds from (purchase of) short-term investments
149,828
(148,684)
Net cash used in investing activities
$(69,302)
$(14,609)
$(235,692)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Proceeds from related party debt
$7,100
$15,000
$
Repayment of related party loan
(22,100)
Proceeds from financing (refer to Note 14 for related party financing)
160,587
19,052
Deferred financing costs paid
(7,864)
Proceeds from issuance of private placement units and warrants, net
31,117
Collateral received from financing agreement
22,000
Proceeds from issuance of membership units, net
116,890
(See accompanying notes to Consolidated Financial Statements)
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Year Ended December 31,
(in thousands)
2020
2019
2018
Proceeds from issuance of subscription receipts, net
298,644
Settlement of taxes withheld
(10,306)
(21,054)
Purchase of non-controlling interest
(19,643)
Repayment of debt
(25,821)
(12,333)
(17,838)
Capital contributions (distributions) - non-controlling interests, net
(4,363)
2,767
Net cash provided by financing activities
$165,019
$7,050
$359,766
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
$28,039
$(78,438)
$88,538
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash - Beginning of period
26,600
105,038
16,500
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash - End of period
$54,639
$26,600
$105,038
 
Year Ended December 31,
(in thousands)
2020
2019
2018
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
 
 
 
Interest paid - non-lease
$5,617
$685
$1,381
Income taxes paid
3,027
4,555
1,744
OTHER NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Capital assets not yet paid for
$2,479
$8,188
$393
Exchange of intangible assets to notes receivable (Note 4)
18,800
Holdback of Maine HSCP notes receivable (Note 6)
917
Promissory note conversion (Note 6)
10,087
Deferred tax liability related to business acquisition (Note 3)
3,077
Beneficial conversion feature (Note 10)
523
Convertible note conversion
550
Unpaid debt issuance costs
3,000
Exchange of investments for land and building (Note 5)
4,464
Issuance of Class D units for land
2,600
Issuance of SVS for operating lease
3,353
(See accompanying notes to Consolidated Financial Statements)
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ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)
1.
NATURE OF OPERATIONS
Acreage Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”, “Pubco” or “Acreage”) was originally incorporated under the Business Corporations Act (Ontario) on July 12, 1989 as Applied Inventions Management Inc. On August 29, 2014, the Company changed its name to Applied Inventions Management Corp. The Company continued into British Columbia and changed its name to “Acreage Holdings, Inc.” on November 9, 2018. The Company’s Class E subordinate voting shares (“Fixed Shares”) and Class D subordinate voting shares (“Floating Shares”) are listed on the Canadian Securities Exchange under the symbols “ACRG.A.U” and “ACRG.B.U”, respectively, quoted on the OTCQX under the symbols “ACRHF” and “ACRDF”, respectively, and traded on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange under the symbols “0VZ1” and “0VZ2”, respectively. The Company indirectly owns, operates and has contractual relationships with cannabis cultivation facilities, dispensaries and other cannabis-related companies in the United States (“U.S.”).
High Street Capital Partners, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company doing business as “Acreage Holdings” (“HSCP”), was formed on April 29, 2014. The Company became the indirect parent of HSCP on November 14, 2018 in connection with the reverse takeover (“RTO”) transaction described below.
The Company’s principal place of business is located at 450 Lexington Avenue, #3308, New York, New York in the U.S. The Company’s registered and records office address is Suite 2800, Park Place, 666 Burrard Street, Vancouver, British Columbia in Canada.
The RTO transaction
On September 21, 2018, the Company, HSCP, HSCP Merger Corp. (a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company), Acreage Finco B.C. Ltd. (a special purpose corporation) (“Finco”), Acreage Holdings America, Inc. (“USCo”) and Acreage Holdings WC, Inc. (“USCo2”) entered into a business combination agreement (the “Business Combination Agreement”) whereby the parties thereto agreed to combine their respective businesses, which would result in the RTO of Pubco by the security holders of HSCP, which was deemed to be the accounting acquiror. On November 14, 2018, the parties to the Business Combination Agreement completed the RTO.
Canopy Growth Corporation transaction
On June 27, 2019, the Company and Canopy Growth Corporation (“Canopy Growth” or “CGC”) implemented the Prior Plan of Arrangement (as defined in Note 13) contemplated by the Original Arrangement Agreement (as defined in Note 13). Pursuant to the Prior Plan of Arrangement, Canopy Growth was granted an option to acquire all of the issued and outstanding shares of the Company in exchange for the payment of 0.5818 of a common share in the capital of Canopy Growth for each Class A subordinate voting share (each, a “SVS”) held (with the Class B proportionate voting shares (the “PVS”) and Class C multiple voting shares (the “MVS”) being automatically converted to SVS immediately prior to consummation of the Acquisition (as defined in Note 13), which original exchange ratio was subject to adjustment in accordance with the Original Arrangement Agreement. Canopy Growth was required to exercise the option upon a change in federal laws in the United States to permit the general cultivation, distribution and possession of marijuana (as defined in the relevant legislation) or to remove the regulation of such activities from the federal laws of the United States (the “Triggering Event”) and, subject to the satisfaction or waiver of certain closing conditions set out in the Original Arrangement Agreement, Canopy Growth was required to acquire all of the issued and outstanding SVS (following the mandatory conversion of the PVS and MVS into SVS).
On June 24, 2020, Canopy Growth and the Company entered into an agreement to, among other things, amend the terms of the Original Arrangement Agreement and the terms of the Prior Plan of Arrangement (the “Amended Arrangement”). On September 16, 2020, the Company’s shareholders voted in favor of a special resolution authorizing and approving the terms of, among other things, the Amended Arrangement. Subsequently, on September 18, 2020, the Company obtained a final order from the Supreme Court of British Columbia approving the Amended Arrangement, and on September 23, 2020 the Company and Canopy Growth entered into the Amending Agreement (as defined in Note 13) and implemented the Amended Arrangement. Pursuant to the Amended Arrangement, the Company’s articles were
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ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)

amended to create the Fixed Shares, the Floating Shares and the Class F multiple voting shares (the “Fixed Multiple Shares”), and each outstanding SVS was exchanged for 0.7 of a Fixed Share and 0.3 of a Floating Share, each outstanding PVS was exchanged for 28 Fixed Shares and 12 Floating Shares; and each outstanding MVS was exchanged for 0.7 of a Fixed Multiple Share and 0.3 of a Floating Share. Refer to Note 13 for further discussion.
Pursuant to the implementation of the Amended Agreement, on September 23, 2020, a subsidiary of Canopy Growth advanced gross proceeds of $50,000 to Universal Hemp, LLC, an affiliate of the Company. The debenture bears interest at a rate of 6.1% per annum. Refer to Note 10 for further discussion.
COVID-19
In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus (“COVID-19”) emerged in Wuhan, China. Since then, it has spread to other countries and infections have been reported around the world. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of COVID-19 a global pandemic.
In response to the outbreak, governmental authorities in the United States, Canada and internationally have introduced various recommendations and measures to try to limit the pandemic, including travel restrictions, border closures, non-essential business closures, quarantines, self-isolations, shelters-in-place and social distancing. The COVID-19 outbreak and the response of governmental authorities to try to limit it are having a significant impact on the private sector and individuals, including unprecedented business, employment and economic disruptions. Management has been closely monitoring the impact of COVID-19, with a focus in the health and safety of our employees, business continuity and supporting our communities. We have implemented various measures to reduce the spread of the virus, including implementing social distancing measures at our cultivation facilities, manufacturing facilities, and dispensaries, enhancing cleaning protocols at such facilities and dispensaries and encouraging employees to adhere to preventative measures recommended by local, state, and federal health officials.
2.
SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of presentation and going concern
The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis which implies we will continue to meet our obligations for the next twelve months as of the date these financial statements are issued.
As reflected in the consolidated financial statements, the Company had an accumulated deficit as of December 31, 2020, as well as a net loss and negative cash flow from operating activities for the reporting period then ended. These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern for at least one year from the issuance of these financial statements.
However, management believes that substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to meet its obligations for the next twelve months from the date these financial statements were issued has been alleviated due to, but not limited to, (i) access to future capital commitments, (ii) continued sales growth from our consolidated operations, (iii) latitude as to the timing and amount of certain operating expenses as well as capital expenditures, (iv) restructuring plans that have already been put in place to improve the Company’s profitability, (v) the Standby Equity Distribution Agreement (refer to Note 13 and 17 for further discussion) and (vi) the anticipated Non-Core Divestitures (refer to Note 3 for further discussion).
If the Company is unable to raise additional capital whenever necessary, it may be forced to decelerate or curtail its footprint buildout or other operational activities until such time as additional capital becomes available. Such limitation of the Company’s activities would allow it to slow its rate of spending and extend its use of cash until additional capital is raised. However, management cannot provide any assurances that we will be successful in accomplishing any of our
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ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)

plans. Management also cannot provide any assurance as to unforeseen circumstances that could occur at any time within the next twelve months or thereafter which could increase our need to raise additional capital on an immediate basis.
Use of estimates
The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). Preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the dates presented and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the periods presented. Significant estimates inherent in the preparation of the accompanying consolidated financial statements include the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in business combinations, assumptions relating to equity-based compensation expense, estimated useful lives for property, plant and equipment and intangible assets, the valuation allowance against deferred tax assets and the assessment of potential impairment charges on goodwill, intangible assets and investments in equity and notes receivable.
Emerging growth company
We are an “emerging growth company” as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (the “JOBS Act”). Under the JOBS Act, emerging growth companies can delay adopting new or revised accounting standards until such time as those standards apply to private companies.
Functional and presentation currency
The consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes are expressed in U.S. dollars. Financial metrics are presented in thousands. Other metrics, such as shares outstanding, are presented in thousands unless otherwise noted.
Basis of consolidation
Our consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Acreage, its subsidiaries and variable interest entities (“VIEs”) where we are considered the primary beneficiary, if any, after elimination of intercompany accounts and transactions. Investments in business entities in which Acreage lacks control but is able to exercise significant influence over operating and financial policies are accounted for using the equity method. Our proportionate share of net income or loss of the entity is recorded in Income (loss) from investments, net in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
VIEs
In determining whether we are the primary beneficiary of a VIE, we assess whether we have the power to direct matters that most significantly impact the activities of the VIE and have the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits from the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE. There were no material consolidated VIEs as of December 31, 2020 or 2019.
Non-controlling interests (“NCI”)
Non-controlling interests represent ownership interests in consolidated subsidiaries by parties that are not shareholders of Pubco. They are shown as a component of Total equity in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position, and the share of loss attributable to non-controlling interests is shown as a component of Net loss in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. Changes in the parent company’s ownership that do not result in a loss of control are accounted for as equity transactions.
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ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)

Cash and cash equivalents
The Company defines cash equivalents as highly liquid investments held for the purpose of meeting short-term cash commitments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash, with original maturities of three months or less. The Company maintains cash with various U.S. banks and credit unions with balances in excess of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund limits, respectively. The failure of a bank or credit union where the Company has significant deposits could result in a loss of a portion of such cash balances in excess of the insured limit, which could materially and adversely affect the Company’s business, financial condition, results of operations and the market price of the Company’s Fixed Shares and Floating Shares.
Restricted cash
Restricted cash represents funds contractually held for specific purposes (refer to Note 10) and, as such, not available for general corporate purposes.
Cash and restricted cash, as presented on the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, consists of $32,542 and $22,097 as of December 31, 2020, respectively, and $26,505 and $95 as of December 31, 2019, respectively.
Investments
The Company classifies its short-term investments in debt securities as held-to-maturity and accounts for them at amortized cost. Due to the short maturities, the carrying value approximates fair value. Refer to Note 5 for further discussion.
The Company accounts for long-term equity investments in which we are able to exercise significant influence, but do not have control over, using the equity method.
On January 1, 2018, we early adopted Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-01 - Financial Instruments - Overall: Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities (“ASU 2016-01”), which, among other provisions, requires the equity investments not accounted for using the equity method to be carried at fair value, with changes recognized in net income (“FV-NI”). For investments not accounted for using the equity method without a readily determinable fair value, a measurement alternative is available, allowing measurement at cost, less any impairment plus or minus changes resulting from observable price changes in orderly transactions for the identical or a similar investment of the same issuer. There was no change to the Company’s accounting for investments, as it elected the measurement alternative for all former cost method investments. Refer to Note 5 for further discussion.
Inventory
The Company’s inventories include the direct costs of seeds and growing materials, indirect costs such as utilities, labor, depreciation and overhead costs, and subsequent costs to prepare the products for ultimate sale, which include direct costs such as materials and indirect costs such as utilities and labor. All direct and indirect costs related to inventory are capitalized when they are incurred, and they are subsequently classified to Cost of goods sold in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. Inventory is valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value, defined as estimated selling price in the ordinary cost of business, less costs of disposal. The Company measures inventory cost using specific identification for its retail inventory and the average cost method for its cultivation inventory.
Fair value of financial instruments
The Company accounts for assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis in accordance with ASC 820 - Fair Value Measurements. ASC 820 utilizes a fair value hierarchy that reflects the significance of the inputs used to make the measurements. The hierarchy is summarized as follows:
1.
Level 1 - quoted prices (unadjusted) that are in active markets for identical assets or liabilities
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ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)

2.
Level 2 - inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly (prices) for similar assets or liabilities in active markets or indirectly (derived from prices) for identical assets or liabilities in markets with insufficient volume or infrequent transactions
3.
Level 3 - inputs for assets or liabilities that are not based upon observable market data
There were no material transfers in or out of Level 3 during the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019. The Company did not have any liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of December 31, 2020 and 2019. The Company has Level 3 assets in equity-method investments and investments carried at FV-NI utilizing net asset value per share. Changes in fair value measurements categorized in Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy are analyzed each reporting period based on changes in estimates or assumptions and recorded as appropriate.
Notes receivable
The Company provides financing to various related and non-related businesses within the cannabis industry. These notes are classified as held for investment and are accounted for as financial instruments in accordance with ASC 310. The Company recognizes impairment on notes receivable when, based on all available information, it is probable that a loss has been incurred based on past events and conditions existing at the date of the financial statements. During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company recognized an impairment loss on a note receivable which was determined not collectible and recorded a loss on notes receivable in the amount of $8,161 in Loss on notes receivable on the Consolidated Statements of Operations. No impairment loss was recognized in the years ended December 31, 2019 or 2018.
Capital assets
Capital assets are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Land and construction in process are not depreciated. Depreciation is calculated using the straight-line method for all other asset classes. The estimated useful life of buildings range from 10 to 40 years, and the estimated useful life of furniture, fixtures and equipment range from 3 to 10 years. Leasehold improvements are amortized using the straight-line method over the shorter of their useful lives or the life of the lease. Repair and maintenance costs are expensed as incurred. When capital assets are disposed of, the related cost and accumulated depreciation are removed and a gain or loss is included in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Leases
On January 1, 2019, the Company early adopted ASU 2016-02 Leases (Topic 842) using the modified retrospective approach. The Company elected the package of practical expedients contained in the new standard which, among other provisions, allows companies to retain existing lease classification under Topic 840 at transition. As such, there will be minimal impact on the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations. The Company has also made an accounting policy election to not recognize right of use assets or lease liabilities for leases with an initial term of 12 months or less, and to continue recognizing the related expense in the Consolidated Statement of Operations on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Sale-leasebacks are assessed to determine whether a sale has occurred under ASC 606. If a sale is determined not to have occurred, the underlying “sold” assets are not derecognized and a financing liability is established in the amount of cash received. At such time that the lease expires, the assets are then derecognized along with the financing liability, with a gain recognized on disposal for the difference between the two amounts, if any.
On the date of adoption, the Company recognized right of use assets and lease liabilities on its Consolidated Statements of Financial Position, which reflect the present value of the Company's current minimum lease payments over the lease terms, which include options that are reasonably certain to be exercised, discounted using the Company’s estimated incremental borrowing rate. Refer to Note 8 for further discussion.
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ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)

Intangible assets
Intangible assets such as management contracts are amortized over their estimated useful lives, while indefinite-lived intangibles such as cannabis licenses are not amortized.
Convertible debt
The Company assesses its financial instruments for embedded features that may require bifurcation from their host. If the embedded features do not meet the criteria for bifurcation, the convertible instrument is accounted for as a single hybrid instrument.
Business combinations
The Company’s growth strategy includes acquisition of retail, cultivation, processing and other cannabis related companies, the primary purpose of which is to continue to build a diversified portfolio of assets in the U.S. cannabis sector. These business combinations are accounted for using the acquisition method on the date that control is transferred. The consideration transferred in the acquisition is measured at fair value, along with identifiable net assets acquired. Fixed Shares and Floating Shares issued are valued based on the closing price on the Canadian Securities Exchange. Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net identifiable assets or liabilities of an acquired business and represents expected synergies associated with the acquisition such as the benefits of assembled workforces, expected earnings and future market development. These benefits were not recognized separately from goodwill because they do not meet the recognition criteria for identifiable intangible assets.
Based on the Company’s tax status discussed below, goodwill is not expected to be deductible for income tax purposes. A bargain purchase gain is recognized when the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net identifiable assets or liabilities acquired is negative. The Company expenses transaction costs, other than those associated with the issue of debt or equity securities, in connection with a business combination as incurred. The Company measures non-controlling interests acquired, if any, at acquisition date fair value.
Impairment of long-lived assets
Goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets are not subject to amortization and are tested for impairment annually or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that they might be impaired. Goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets are tested at the individual business level. The Company may first assess qualitative factors and, if it determines it is more likely than not that the fair value is less than the carrying value, then proceed to a quantitative test if necessary.
Finite-lived intangible assets and other long-lived assets are tested for impairment based on undiscounted cash flows when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable.
Income taxes
The Company will be treated as a U.S corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes under U.S. Internal Revenue Code (“IRC”) Section 7874 and be subject to U.S. federal income tax. However, for Canadian tax purposes, the Company is expected, regardless of any application of IRC Section 7874, to be treated as a Canadian resident company (as defined in the Income Tax Act (Canada)) for Canadian income tax purposes. As a result, the Company will be subject to taxation both in Canada and the U.S. Notwithstanding the foregoing, it is management’s expectation that the Company’s activities will be conducted in such a manner that income from operations will not be subjected to double taxation.
HSCP operates in the U.S. as a limited liability company that is treated as a partnership for U.S. federal, state and local income tax purposes. As a result, HSCP’s income from its U.S. operations is not subject to U.S. federal income tax
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ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)

because the income is attributable to its members. Accordingly, the Company’s U.S. tax provision is based on the portion of HSCP’s income attributable to the Company and excludes the income attributable to other members of HSCP, whose income is included in Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. In addition, the Company also records a tax provision for the corporate entities owned directly by HSCP.
Income tax expense is recognized in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. Current tax expense is the expected tax payable on the taxable income for the year, using tax rates enacted or substantively enacted at year end, adjusted for amendments to tax payable with regards to previous years.
Deferred tax assets and liabilities and the related deferred tax expense or recovery are recognized for deferred tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amount of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax basis. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the enacted or substantively enacted tax rates expected to apply when the asset is realized or the liability settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that substantive enactment occurs.
A deferred tax asset is recognized to the extent that it is probable that future taxable income will be available against which the asset can be utilized.
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to offset current assets against current tax liabilities and when they relate to income taxes levied by the same taxing authority and the Company intends to settle its current tax assets and liabilities on a net basis.
Certain Acreage subsidiaries are subject to IRC Section 280E. This section disallows deductions and credits attributable to a trade or business of trafficking in controlled substances. Under U.S. law, marijuana is a Schedule I controlled substance.
Revenue recognition
The Company early adopted ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) on January 1, 2018. The new standard provides for a single model that applies to all contracts with customers with two types of recognition: at a point in time or over time. The Company has applied Topic 606 retrospectively for all periods presented and determined that there is no change to the comparative periods or transitional adjustments required as a result of adoption. The Company’s accounting policy for revenue recognition under Topic 606 is as follows:
1.
Identify the contract with a customer;
2.
Identify the performance obligation(s);
3.
Determine the transaction price;
4.
Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligation(s);
5.
Recognize revenue when/as performance obligation(s) are satisfied.
Revenue from the direct sale of cannabis to customers for a fixed price is recognized when the Company transfers control of the good to the customer. The Company disaggregates its revenues from the direct sale of cannabis to customers on the Consolidated Statements of Operations as Retail revenue, net and Wholesale revenue, net.
Revenue from management contracts is recognized over time as the management services are provided. The Company provides management services to other cannabis companies for a fee structure that varies based on the contract. The services that may be provided are broadly defined and span the entire scope of the business. The Company evaluates the nature of its promise to the customer in these contracts and determines that its promise is to provide a management
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ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)

service. The service comprises various activities that may vary each day (such as support for cultivation, finance, accounting, human resources, retail, etc.). The Company disaggregates its management contract revenue on the Consolidated Statements of Operations as Other revenue, net.
Amounts disclosed as revenue are net of allowances, discounts and rebates.
Equity-settled payments
The Company issues equity-based awards to employees and non-employee directors for services. The Company measures these awards based on their fair value at the grant date and recognizes compensation expense over the requisite service period. The Company generally issues new shares to satisfy conversions, option and warrant exercises, and RSU vests. Forfeitures are accounted for as they occur.
Loss per share
Net loss per share represents the net loss attributable to shareholders divided by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period on an as converted basis. Basic and diluted loss per share are the same as of December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018, as the issuance of shares upon conversion, exercise or vesting of outstanding units would be anti-dilutive in each period. There were 45,541, 41,526, and 38,061 anti-dilutive shares outstanding as of December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
Accounting Pronouncements Recently Adopted
As of December 2019, the Company early adopted ASU 2017-04 - Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment (“ASU 2017-04”). The objective of ASU 2017-04 is to simplify how an entity is required to test goodwill for impairment. Under previous GAAP, entities were required to test goodwill for impairment using a two-step approach. Under the amendments in ASU 2017-04, an entity performs its goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. The adoption of ASU 2017-04 did not have an effect on the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements.
Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13 - Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU 2016-13”), which was subsequently revised by ASU 2018-19. The ASU introduces a new model for assessing impairment on most financial assets. Entities will be required to use a forward-looking expected loss model, which will replace the current incurred loss model, which will result in earlier recognition of allowance for losses. The ASU will be effective for the Company’s first interim period of fiscal 2023, and the Company is currently evaluating the impact of the new standard.
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ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)

3.
ACQUISITIONS, DIVESTITURES AND ASSETS HELD FOR SALE
Acquisitions
During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company completed the following business combination. The preliminary purchase price allocation is as follows:
Purchase Price Allocation
CCF(1)
Assets acquired:
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$17
Inventory
1,969
Other current assets
3,164
Capital assets, net
4,173
Operating lease ROU asset
4,455
Goodwill
5,247
Intangible assets - cannabis licenses
10,000
Other non-current assets
10
Liabilities assumed:
 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
(228)
Taxes payable
(17)
Other current liabilities
(4,248)
Operating lease liability
(4,455)
Fair value of net assets acquired
$20,087
 
 
Consideration paid:
 
Cash
$10,000
Settlement of pre-existing relationship
10,087
Total consideration
$20,087
The operating results of the above acquisition were not material to the periods presented.
(1)
On June 26, 2020, a subsidiary of the Company acquired 100% of Compassionate Care Foundation, Inc. (“CCF”), a New Jersey vertically integrated medical cannabis nonprofit corporation.
The settlement of pre-existing relationship included in the transaction price includes a $7,952 line of credit as well as interest receivable of $2,135 which were both previously recorded in Notes receivable, non-current in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position. The carrying value of these amounts approximated their fair value.
The Company completed the preliminary purchase price allocation of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed with the assistance of an independent valuation firm. The Company is still in the process of completing the valuations. The preliminary purchase price allocation is based upon preliminary valuations and our estimates and assumptions are subject to change within the purchase price allocation period (generally one year from the acquisition date). The primary areas of the purchase price allocations that are not yet finalized relate to the valuation of the tangible and intangible assets acquired and the residual goodwill.
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ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)

During the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company completed the following business combinations, and has allocated each purchase price as follows:
Purchase Price Allocation
Thames Valley(1)
NCC(2)
Form Factory(3)
Total
Assets acquired:
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$106
$696
$4,276
$5,078
Inventory
39
170
520
729
Other current assets
1
36
1,136
1,173
Capital assets, net
539
3,988
4,527
Operating lease ROU asset
10,477
10,477
Goodwill
3,596
4,192
65,303
73,091
Intangible assets - cannabis licenses
14,850
2,500
40,372
57,722
Intangible assets - customer relationships
4,600
4,600
Intangible assets - developed technology
3,100
3,100
Other non-current assets
25
403
428
Liabilities assumed:
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
(121)
(24)
(1,572)
(1,717)
Other current liabilities
(621)
(74)
(695)
Debt
(494)
(494)
Operating lease liability
(10,477)
(10,477)
Deferred tax liability
(3,399)
(461)
(14,519)
(18,379)
Other liabilities
(175)
(23)
(198)
Fair value of net assets acquired
$15,072
$6,877
$107,016
$128,965
 
 
 
 
 
Consideration paid:
 
 
 
 
Cash
$15,072
$
$3,711
$18,783
Deferred acquisition costs and deposits
100
100
Subordinate Voting Shares
3,948
95,266
99,214
Settlement of pre-existing relationship
830
8,039
8,869
Fair value of previously held interest
1,999
1,999
Total consideration
$15,072
$6,877
$107,016
$128,965
 
 
 
 
 
Subordinate Voting Shares issued
211
4,770
4,981
The operating results of the above acquisitions were not material to the periods presented.
(1)
On January 29, 2019, the Company acquired 100% of Thames Valley Apothecary, LLC (“Thames Valley”), a dispensary license holder in Connecticut.
(2)
On March 4, 2019, the Company acquired the remaining 70% ownership interest in NCC LLC (“NCC”), a dispensary license holder in Illinois. The market price used in valuing SVS issued was $18.70 per share. As a result of this acquisition, the previously held interest in NCC was re-measured, resulting in a gain of $999, which was recorded in Income from investments, net in the Consolidated Statements of Operations during the year ended December 31, 2019.
The settlement of pre-existing relationship included in the transaction price includes a $550 promissory note receivable as well as an amount receivable of $280 which was previously recorded in Other current assets in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position. The carrying value of these amounts approximated their fair value.
(3)
On April 16, 2019, the Company acquired 100% of Form Factory Holdings, LLC (“Form Factory”), a manufacturer and distributor of cannabis-based edibles and beverages. The Company expects to benefit primarily from utilizing the intangible assets acquired, which include cannabis licenses in California and Oregon, existing customer relationships, and developed technology, which will complement Acreage’s existing business and enable the Company to create and distribute proprietary brands of various types at scale. The useful life of the developed technology was determined to be 19 years, and the useful life of the customer relationships was determined to be 5 years.
The market price used in valuing unrestricted SVS issued was $20.45 per share. Certain SVS are subject to clawback should certain indemnity conditions arise and as such, a discount for lack of marketability was applied that correlates to the period of time these shares are subject to restriction.
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ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)

The Company also recorded an expense of $2,139 in the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the year ended December 31, 2019 in connection with the acquisition of Form Factory that represents stock compensation fully vested on the acquisition date. 86 shares valued at $1,753 were issued and recorded in Other equity transactions on the Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity, with the remainder settled in cash.
The settlement of pre-existing relationship included in the transaction price included a $7,924 promissory note receivable and $115 of interest receivable. The carrying value of these amounts approximated their fair value.
Deferred acquisition costs and deposits
The Company’s subsidiaries make advance payments to certain acquisition targets for which the transfer is pending certain regulatory approvals prior to the acquisition date.
As of December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company’s subsidiaries had no deferred acquisition costs outstanding.
Divestitures
On May 8, 2020, a subsidiary of the Company sold all equity interests in Acreage North Dakota, LLC, a medical cannabis dispensary holder and operator, for $1,000. This resulted in a gain on sale of $217 recorded in Other loss, net on the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the year ended December 31, 2020.
Assets Held for Sale
On June 30, 2020, the Company determined certain businesses and assets met the held-for-sale criteria. The Company has identified the following businesses as their separate disposal groups: Acreage Florida, Inc., Kanna, Inc., Maryland Medicinal Research & Caring, LLC (“MMRC”) and certain Oregon entities comprising 22nd & Burn, Inc., The Firestation 23, Inc. and East 11th Incorporated and a dispensary in Springfield, Oregon, collectively (“Cannabliss”). As further disposal groups, the Company has identified certain assets owned in HSCP Oregon, LLC (comprising Medford and Powell) and Michigan as held-for-sale.
In accordance to ASC 205-20-45 - Discontinued Operations, a disposal of a component of an entity shall be reported in discontinued operations if the divestiture represents a strategic shift that will have a major effect on the entity’s operations and financial results. Management determined that the expected divestitures will not represent a strategic shift that will have a major effect on the Company’s operations and financial results and thus will not report the expected divestitures of these assets as discontinued operations.
Upon classification of the disposal groups as held for sale, the Company tested each disposal group for impairment and recognized charges of $11,003 within Write down of assets held-for-sale on the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the year ended December 31, 2020 to write the disposal groups down to its fair value less costs to sell. Additionally, all assets and liabilities determined within these disposal groups were transferred into Assets held-for-sale and Liabilities related to assets held for sale on the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position as of December 31, 2020 from each of their previous respective financial statement captions. Refer to table below for further details.
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ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)

The preliminary fair values of the major classes of assets and liabilities of the businesses and assets classified as held-for-sale on our Consolidated Statements of Financial Position are presented below and are subject to change based on developments during the sales process.
 
December 31, 2020
 
Acreage
Florida,
Inc.
Kanna,
Inc.
MMRC(1)
Michigan
OR -
Cannabliss
OR -
Medford
OR -
Powell
Total
Inventory
$587
$
$
$
$379
$100
$127
$1,193
Notes receivable, current
31
31
Other current assets
161
20
1
182
Total current assets classified as held-for-sale
748
20
380
131
127
1,406
Capital assets, net
7,137
1,156
286
7,469
83
2,252
7
18,390
Operating lease right-of-use assets
10,305
944
362
925
321
164
13,021
Intangible assets, net
26,190
970
802
27,962
Goodwill
2,192
2,192
Total assets classified as held for sale
$44,380
$3,070
$1,470
$7,469
$3,580
$2,704
$298
$62,971
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
$(247)
$(132)
$(3)
$
$(260)
$
$
$(642)
Taxes payable
1
(179)
(178)
Operating lease liability, current
(501)
(250)
(29)
(184)
(133)
(122)
(1,219)
Other current liabilities
(89)
(89)
Total current liabilities classified as held-for-sale
(837)
(381)
(32)
(623)
(133)
(122)
(2,128)
Operating lease liability, non-current
(14,107)
(610)
(325)
(688)
(278)
(22)
(16,030)
Deferred tax liabilities
4
4
Total liabilities classified as held-for-sale
$(14,944)
$(991)
$(357)
$
$(1,307)
$(411)
$(144)
$(18,154)
(1)
On August 11, 2020, a subsidiary of the Company entered into a transaction of sale for MMRC for $1,500 with a buyer. The Company’s applicable subsidiary, when permitted by state law, will transfer all of the issued and outstanding membership interests of MMRC to the buyer. In the interim, and subject to regulatory approval, the buyer and MMRC will enter into a management services agreement for the management and operation of MMRC until such time as the Company can transfer the equity of MMRC to the buyer.
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ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)

4.
INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND GOODWILL
Intangible assets
The following table details our intangible asset balances by major asset classes:
Intangibles
December 31,
2020
December 31,
2019
Finite-lived intangible assets:
 
 
Management contracts
$19,580
$52,438
Customer relationships
4,600
Developed technology
3,100
 
19,580
60,138
Accumulated amortization on finite-lived intangible assets:
 
 
Management contracts
(5,262)
(5,750)
Customer relationships
(649)
Developed technology
(114)
 
(5,262)
(6,513)
Finite-lived intangible assets, net
14,318
53,625
 
 
 
Indefinite-lived intangible assets
 
 
Cannabis licenses
124,665
232,347
Total intangibles, net
$138,983
$285,972
The intangible assets balance as of December 31, 2020 excludes intangible assets reclassified to assets held for sale. Refer to Note 3 for further discussion. The average useful life of finite-lived intangible assets ranges from five to eight years.
Impairment of intangible assets
In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus emerged in Wuhan, China, which since then, has spread worldwide. As a result of the recent global economic impact and uncertainty due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company concluded a triggering event had occurred and accordingly, performed interim impairment testing for the period ending March 31, 2020.
During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company performed a quantitative analysis and concluded certain of the indefinite-lived cannabis licenses had a fair value below the carrying value. Accordingly, during the year ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recognized impairment charges of $92,798 and $9,514, respectively, with respect to its indefinite-lived intangible assets at Acreage Florida, Inc., Form Factory Holdings, LLC and Kanna, Inc. The charge is recognized in Loss on impairment on the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
The Company evaluated the recoverability of the related finite-lived intangible assets to be held and used by comparing the carrying amount of the assets to the future net undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the assets, or comparable market sales data to determine if the carrying value is recoverable. During the year ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recognized impairment charges of $8,324 and $3,949, respectively, with respect to its finite-lived intangible assets at Form Factory, CWG Botanicals, Inc. (“CWG”) and MA-SSBP. The charge is recognized in Loss on impairment on the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
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ACREAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(in thousands, except per share data)

These impairments resulted in the recognition of a tax provision benefit and an associated reversal of deferred tax liabilities of $31,498 during the year ended December 31, 2020.
WCM Refinancing
On March 6, 2020, a subsidiary of the Company closed on a refinancing, transaction and conversion related to Northeast Patients Group, operating as Wellness Connection of Maine (“WCM”), a medical cannabis business in Maine, resulting in ownership of WCM by three individuals. In connection with the transaction, WCM converted from a non-profit corporation to a for-profit corporation. Refer to Note 6 for further discussion. Concurrently, a portion of the management contract was converted into a promissory note of $18,800 in Notes receivable, non-current on the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position in exchange for the previously held management contract. An impairment was determined as the differential between the net carrying value of the previously held management contract and the promissory note received in exchange. This resulted in an impairment loss to finite-lived intangible assets of $9,395 in Loss on impairment on the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the year ended December 31, 2020.
Modification of management contract
On October 7, 2019, the Company modified the terms of its Management Service Agreement (“MSA”) with Greenleaf Apothecaries, LLC (“GLA”). As a result of this modification, the Company exchanged certain future cash flows under the MSA in exchange for a note receivable of $12,500. In connection with this modification, the Company reduced the carrying value of the MSA by $10,106, recorded a gain of $2,394 and reduced the associated deferred tax liability by $2,730, with a corresponding increase to Other equity transactions in the Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity.
Purchases of intangible assets
The Company determined that the below purchases of intangible assets did not qualify as business combinations as the entities were non-operational at the time of purchase.
2019
n
On January 4, 2019, the Company purchased a vertically-integrated license in Florida to operate a cultivation and processing facility and up to 40 medical cannabis dispensaries by acquiring Acreage Florida, Inc. (formerly known as Nature’s Way Nursery of Miami, Inc.). Total consideration of $70,103 inc